Confederate Casualties

A very large percent of the records for the Confederate Army are inaccurate or missing. This not only includes the muster-rolls for the men that volunteered or later were drafted. But most importantly each company and regiment records that were not kept accurately or are missing.

In the report made by General James B. Fry, the U.S. Provost Marshal-General 1865-66 compiling records and muster rolls of the Confederate States and Regiments he stated, "many were incomplete or missing and nearly all of Alabamas rolls are missing".

To understand the extent of a company or regimental loss in any particular battle, one must know the number of men taken into action by the company or regiment. Many of the Confederate Captains and Colonels were intelligent and thoughtful enough in making their battle reports, to mention the number of men mustered before the battle, the number of men engaged and the casualties and missing after, without which we would have no idea of the severity of loss and therefore would not have been able to approximate the total casualties.

These accurate records also helped in approximating the number of soldiers that died from diseases.

One must also bear in mind the word "MISSING". After nearly every engaugement there would be a number of killed, wounded and missing. The missing men falls into 4 categories.

  1. Mortally wounded or killed and fell into enemy hands. (these men would not be listed on union records or hospital reports, and the dead would be buried in a mass grave usually without a count.)
  2. Taken prisoner and died enroute before reaching a prison camp.
  3. The effects of artillery could completely obliverate human bodies.
  4. We can not discount the truth that some could no longer endure the horrors and left for home or else where. And there were those that just deserted.

Therefore, using the incomplete and inacurate records and rolls the following is a approximation of the casualties of the Confederate Army. The true figures will never be known.

Killed or died from wounds ---- 94,000
Died of all diseases -------------- 164,000
Died in prison Camps ------------ 34,000
Wounded ---------- 194,026
Missing --------- 51,700
Approximate desertions ----104,000

According to Union records there were 462,634 Confederate Soldiers captured.
Of which 247,769 were paroled on the field or released during prisoner exchanges, and 220,000 were held as prisoners untill the end of the war.

220,000 equals
467,769 not 462,634 So there is a 5,135 differance in their figures.

The surviving Union records that estimate the number of confederate soldiers that died in prison camps is also incomplete and inaccurate. Records and reports made by camp commanders most often do not compare with those of camp surgeons or other officials including state officials that inspected the camps. There is no record of the number that died while being transported to camps. They would be listed as missing providing their own regimental reports were accurate. At present, the estimate is over 34,000 that died.

Died in Prison
Alton, Illinois1,354 +
Camp Douglas, Illinois1,480 +
Camp Morton, Indiana1,700 +
Camp Randall, Wisconsin139
Elmira, New York2,963 +
Fort Delaware, Delaware2,925 +
Fort McHenry. Maryland15
Point Lookout, Maryland3,384 +
Rock Island, Illinois1,960 +
15,820 +

The following list of prisons
I have no information on right now.
  • Camp Chase
  • Camp Butler
  • Camp Parole
  • Fort Columbus
  • Fort Jefferson
  • Fort Lafayette
  • Fort Warren
  • Hart's Island
  • Johnson's Island
  • Louisville, Ky.
  • New Orleans
  • St. Louis, Mo.

The following is a list of Confederate Generals
Killed or Died from Wounds or Complications

  1. General -- Albert Sydney Johnston ---- Shiloh

  1. Lieutenant-General -- Thomas A. Jackson ---- Chancellorsville
  2. Lieutenant-General -- Leonidas Polk ------------ Pine Mountain
  3. Lieutenant-General -- Ambrose P. Hill ---------- Fall of Petersburg

  1. Major-General -- William D. Pender -------- Gettysburg
  2. Major-General -- J. E. B. Stewart ------------- Yellow Tavern
  3. Major-General -- W. H. Walker ---------------- Atlanta
  4. Major-General -- Robert E. Rodes ----------- Opequon
  5. Major-General -- Stephen D. Ramseur ---- Cedar Creek
  6. Major-General -- Patrick R. Cleburne ------ Franklin
  7. Brigadier-General -- John Pegram ----------- Hatcher's Run

  1. Brigadier-General -- Robert S. Garnett -------------- Cheat Mountain
  2. Brigadier-General -- Barnard E. Bee ----------------- First Bull Run
  3. Brigadier-General -- Francis S. Bartow ------------- First Bull Run
  4. Brigadier-General -- Felix K. Zollicoffer ------------ Mill Springs
  5. Brigadier-General -- Ben. McCulloch ---------------- Pea Ridge
  6. Brigadier-General -- James Mcintosh ---------------- Pea Ridge
  7. Brigadier-General -- William Y. Slack --------------- Pea Ridge
  8. Brigadier-General -- Adley H. Gladden ------------- Shiloh
  9. Brigadier-General -- Robert Hatton ------------------- Fair Oaks
  10. Brigadier-General -- Turner Ashby -------------------- Harrisonburg
  11. Brigadier-General -- Richard Griffith ----------------- Savage Station
  12. Brigadier-General -- Charles S. Winder ------------ Cedar Mountain
  13. Brigadier-General -- Samuel Garland, Jr ---------- South Mountain
  14. Brigadier-General -- George B. Anderson --------- Antietam
  15. Brigadier-General -- L. O'B. Branch ------------------ Antietam
  16. Brigadier-General -- William E. Starke ------------- Antietam
  17. Brigadier-General -- Henry Little ---------------------- Iuka
  18. Brigadier-General -- Thomas R. Cobb -------------- Fredericksburg
  19. Brigadier-General -- Maxcy Gregg ------------------- Fredericksburg
  20. Brigadier-General -- James E. Rains ---------------- Stone's River
  21. Brigadier-General -- Roger W. Hanson ------------- at Stone's River
  22. Brigadier-General -- E. D. Tracy ------------------------ Port Gibson
  23. Brigadier-General -- E. F. Paxton --------------------- Chancellorsville
  24. Brigadier-General -- Lloyd Tilghman ---------------- Champion's Hill
  25. Brigadier-General -- Martin E. Green ---------------- Vicksburg
  26. Brigadier-General -- William Barksdale ----------- Gettysburg
  27. Brigadier-General -- Lewis Armistead -------------- Gettysburg
  28. Brigadier-General -- Richard B. Garnett ----------- Gettysburg
  29. Brigadier-General -- Paul J. Semmes -------------- Gettysburg
  30. Brigadier-General -- J. J. Pettigrew ----------------- Falling Waters
  31. Brigadier-General -- Preston Smith ----------------- Chickamauga
  32. Brigadier-General -- Benjamin H. Helm ----------- Chickamauga
  33. Brigadier-General -- James Deshler ---------------- Chickamauga
  34. Brigadier-General -- Carnot Posey ------------------ Bristoe Station
  35. Brigadier-General -- Alfred Mouton ---------------- Sabine Cross Roads
  36. Brigadier-General -- Thomas Gree ----------------- Pleasant Hill
  37. Brigadier-General -- W. R. Scurry ------------------- Jenkins Ferry
  38. Brigadier-General -- John M. Jones ---------------- Wilderness
  39. Brigadier-General -- Micah Jenkins ---------------- Wilderness
  40. Brigadier-General -- L. A. Stafford ------------------ Wilderness
  41. Brigadier-General -- Abner Perrin ------------------ Spotsylvania
  42. Brigadier-General -- Julius Daniel ------------------ Spotsylvania
  43. Brigadier-General -- James B. Gordon ----------- Yellow Tavern
  44. Brigadier-General -- George Doles ----------------- Bethesda Church
  45. Brigadier-General -- W. E. Jones -------------------- Piedmont
  46. Brigadier-General -- C. H. Stevens ----------------- Peach Tree Creek
  47. Brigadier-General -- Samuel Benton -------------- Ezra Church
  48. Brigadier-General -- John R. Chambliss, Jr ---- Deep Bottom
  49. Brigadier-General -- J. C. Saunders --------------- Weldon Railroad
  50. Brigadier-General -- Robert H. Anderson ------- Jonesboro
  51. Brigadier-General -- John Morgan ----------------- Greenville, Tenn
  52. Brigadier-General -- Archibald C. Godwin ----- Opequon
  53. Brigadier-General -- John Dunnovant ------------ Vaughn Road
  54. Brigadier-General -- John Gregg ------------------- Darbytown Road
  55. Brigadier-General -- Stephen Elliott, Jr. -------- Petersburg
  56. Brigadier-General -- Victor J. Girardey --------- Petersburg
  57. Brigadier-General -- Archibald Gracie, Jr. ---- Petersburg Trenches
  58. Brigadier-General -- John Adams ----------------- Franklin
  59. Brigadier-General -- Oscar F. Strahl ------------- Franklin
  60. Brigadier-General -- S. R. Gist ---------------------- Franklin
  61. Brigadier-General -- H. B. Granberry ------------ Franklin
  62. Brigadier-General -- James Dearing ------------- High Bridge

The following is a few accurate reports that show the severity of some regimental losses. I do not have the time or space to list them all. These few should give you an idea.

The severity of the losses becomes apparent in studying the official returns of various regiments which did keep good records and they survived to question the inaccuratesey of the final count.

Those company and regimental commanders that kept accurate records, by doing so they have secured for their regiments an honored place in history which otherwise would have been lost.

At Gettysburg, the 26th North Carolina, of Pettigrew's Brigade, Heth's Division, went into action with an' effective strength which is stated in the regimental official report as "over 800 men." They sustained a loss, according to Surgeon-General Guild's report, of 86 killed and 502 wounded; total, 588. In addition there were about 120 missing, nearly all of whom must have been wounded or killed; but, as they fell into the enemy's hands, they were not included in the hospital report, or listed as killed. This loss occurred mostly in the first day's fight, where the regiment encountered the 151st Pennsylvania and Cooper's Battery, of Rowley's Brigade, Doubleday's Division. The Quartermaster of the 26th, who made the official report on July 4th, states that there were only 216 left for duty after the fight on the 1st. The regiment then participated in Pickett's charge, on the third day of the battle, in which it attacked the position held by Smyth's Brigade, Hays's Division, Second Corps. On the following day it mustered only 80 men for duty, the missing ones having fallen in the final and unsuccessful charge. In only 3 days, one regiment suffered 720 killed, wounded and missing out of 800 men.

In the battle of the first day, Captain Tuttle's company went into action with 3 officers and 84 men; all of the officers and 83 of the men were killed or wounded.

On the same day, and in the same brigade (Pettigrew's), Company C, of the Eleventh North Carolina, lost 2 officers killed, and 34, out of 38, men killed or wounded; Captain Bird, of this company, with the four remaining men, participated in the charge on the 3d of July, and of these the flag-bearer was shot, and the captain brought out the flag himself.

At the battle of Fair Oakes the 6th Alabama under Colonel John B. Gordon. This regiment was then in Rodes's Brigade of D. H. Hill's Division, which in this fight was pitted against Naglee's Brigade of Casey's Division. The regiment lost 91 killed, 277 wounded, and 5 missing; total, 373, out of about 632 engaged.

In the same battle, and in D. H. Hill's Division also, the Fourth North Carolina, of G. B. Anderson's Brigade, sustained a loss of 77 killed, 286 wounded, and 6 missing; total, 369, out of 678 engaged.

At Gaines's Mill the First South Carolina Rifles, Gregg's Brigade, A. P. Hill's Division, charged a battery which was supported by the Duryée Zouaves. The Rifles lost in this affair, 81 killed, 234 wounded, and 4 missing; total, 319, out of 537 engaged.

At Stone's River the Eighth Tennessee, of Donelson's Brigade, Cheatham's Division, lost 41 killed and 265 wounded; total, 306, out of 444 engaged. The 8th sustained the principal part of this loss while engaged with some troops of Sheridan's Division, and in a successful charge on Houghtaling's Battery, in which they captured several pieces of artillery from that and other batteries.

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